Wash your feet EVERY DAY :- Wash your feet with soap and lukewarm-not hot-water.Do not let them soak. Dry carefully with a soft towel and especially between the toes.
Moisturize your feet :- to keep the skin smooth and soft-Apply a fine layer of moisturing cream (usually based on lanolin)every day to prevent dryness and crackling of the skin, avoiding the areas between the toes which should be kept dry.
Do not try to treat yourself :- Keep your blood sugar controlled and followup with your doctor regularly. if you develop calluses or other abnormal foot skin conditions, do not apply dressings, creams etc. Ask your doctor immediately even there is no pain
Cut your nails straight and not round :- Use a nail timmer carefully trying not to irritate the skin. if you have difficulties, ask someone else to help you. if your nails get thick, yellowed or are growing into your skin, call your doctor.
Always wear shoes and socks :- Even in the house to prevent injuries, socks should fit well and not have a seam. Change socks every day. Do not walk barefoot. Remember to check the inside of your shoes before putting them on to make sure nothing is in them that could injure your foot and that the linings are smooth.
Buy shoes that fit properly :- Be very careful with new shoes and wear them only for short periods initially. Shoes that do not fit well may cause blisters and sores. Be sure that your shoes are snug enough. Buy rounded shoes with low (preferably 2-3 cm) heels. Wide shoes that don’t compress your toes are best and you should avoid wearing open-toes are best and you should avoid wearing open-toe or high-heel shoes. You may also see a Podiatrist to advice you custom made shoes.
Protect your feet from heat or cold :- Always wear shoes on hot pavement. Avoid sitting or lying with your feet near radiators and do not place heating pads or hot water bottles on your feet. Wear socks to protect your feet from cold. During cold weather, check your feet regularly to monitor for frostbite..
Try to maintain good circulation to your feet:- Wiggle your toes and flex your feet and ankles for 5 minutes 2 to 3 times each day. Remember not to cross your legs for long periods of time. Avoid tight-fiitting socks and garters, which might cause swelling or pressure injuries.
Exercise regularly:- Exercise improves circulation as well as overall health. Activities like walking, dancing, swimming, and cycling are all activities that will improve your overall health but minimize stress to your feet. Be sure to check with your doctor before beginning an exercise program.